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Prevalence and Re-Infection Rates of Soil Transmitted Helminths among School Children in Ardokola, Nigeria

Author(s) Innocent Vakkai1, C.L. Ejembi2, P. Aboa3
Affiliation(s): 1Ministry of Health Taraba State Nigeria, Jalingo, Nigeria, 2Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 3University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
1st country of focus: Nigeria
Relevant to the conference theme: Communicable chronic diseases
Summary (max 100 words): The Prevalence and re-infection rates of soil transmitted helminths was high among school children, therefore regular deworming of school children every six months in endemic communities is required.
Background (max 200 words): Soil transmitted heminths has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality among school children in many developing countries including Nigeria. It affects the develoment of school age children and developing countries carry a greater share of the global burden of this disease than developed countries. This situation requires public health attention.
Objectives (max 100 words): The objectives of the study are 1) To determine the baseline prevalence of soil transmitted helminths among school children in Ardokola Local Government Area of Taraba State. 2) To determine the rate of re-infection with soil transmitted helminths among the studied school pupils at one, three and six months intervals. 3) To recommend periodic deworming of school children for the control of soil transmitted helminths among pupils.
Methodology (max 400 words): The study was a field interventional study. A total of 365 primary school pupils were selected using a multistage sampling method. Stool specimens were collected and the prevalence of soil transmitted helminths was diagnoised and determined. Albendozole 400mg was given as an intervention, the number of pupils cured were established with those cured followed up at one ,three and six momths interval to determine rate of re-infection.
Results (max 400 words): The prevalence of soil transmitted helminths was 64.4% at base line among school pupils with a cure rate of 88%. The re-infection rates  were 11.1%, 31.7% and 58.3% at one, three and six months interval.
Conclusion (max 400 words): The prevalence of soil transmitted helinths was high amomg school children in Ardokola Local Government Area of Taraba State and the rate of re-infection was highest after six months(58.3%) hence the need for periodic deworming every six months within endemic communities.

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