The Unrecognized Groups: Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, and Transgender in Nepal

Author(s): S. L. a. l. Acharya1
Affiliation(s): 1National Association of People Living with HIV and AIDS in Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Sexual minorities, high privilege of HIV/AIDS, stigma and discrimination from society
Background:

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. This first sentence of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted almost sixty years ago by the General Assembly of the United Nations, is an important for the lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender, PLWHA, and minorities. The world has gradually accepted that human beings have different sexes, racial or ethnic origins that differences must be respected and not be used as reasons for discrimination. But my country still does not accept two other aspects of human diversity.

Summary/Objectives:

To find the real situation of sexual minorities in Nepal, white feather Nepal - a community-based organization of sexual minorities - has conducted a study at Kathmandu in June 2007 among 257 MSM/MSW members regarding their situations in terms of their fundamental human rights. It focused on how mainstream society is treating them, while accessing to health service, education, and legal rights and persuading jobs after knowing their sexuality. The survey was purely qualitative, the method was group discussion.

Results:

In the study, 178 were transgender MSW, 79 were MSM. Where 117 were PLHA, 136 had at least one STI. 96 were restricted from school due to their sexuality. All the respondents were stay out of the family. 90% of MSW and transgender reveal that they refused to give basic treatments at health centres. Doctors believes every MSM and MSW possess HIV with out investigating. 68.2 transgender MSW reported they refused to give citizenship due to their feminine get up and forced them to come with masculine get up and name. 67.9 reported they were shack out from the school, 92.8 reported they are facing trouble to rent apartment, 99% reported even their skills and qualification, they are refused to offer job at public and private section.

Lessons learned:

The study reveals that though we talk about equality and fundamental rights of individuals, there are big groups who are struggling for their identities. It is vain to talk about fundamental rights until we recognized them. Thousands of minorities are thrown at street and compel to sell their body and practicing unsafe sex, using drugs, are rapidly infecting day by day from STI and HIV .

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