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GHF2014 – PS27 – Health as an Indicator of Sustainable Development: How Health Can Contribute to and Benefit from Sustainable Policies

Health as an Indicator of Sustainable Development: How Health Can Contribute to and Benefit from Sustainable Policies
Dr. Carlos Dora
Department of Public Health and Environment, World Health Organization, Switzerland
Prof. Ilona Kickbush
Director, Global Health Programme, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland
Health as an Indicator of Sustainable Development: How Health Can Contribute to and Benefit from Sustainable Policies
Ms. Natalie Mrak
Student, Masters of Development Studies, The Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, Switzerland
Mr. Callum Brindley
Student, Masters of Development Studies, The Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, Switzerland
Dr. Ralph Chapman, Environmental Studies Director, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand
Dr. Philippa Howden-Chapman, Professor of Public Health, University of Otago, and Director of the New Zealand Centre for Sustainable Cities, New Zealand
This session will begin with a comprehensive overview of the expansive literature, encompassing more than 20 years, on how health indicators can serve as measures of sustainable development and the presentation of a tool that has been developed which essentially combines all of this literature on indicators into one space. This will then set the stage for discussion on how this literature can essentially be placed into action. The session will entail perspectives from local, national and global levels as well as academic circles in order to provide a more comprehensive overview of the progress that has been made in incorporating health into sustainable development objectives as well as the challenges and the bottlenecks which still remain. The aim is to stimulate creative thinking and discussion around innovative ways through which health can become more embedded in the sustainable development agenda.This discussion is crucial particularly as the post-2015 development agenda talks continue. While the first set of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were a momentous endeavor to tackle crucial issues affecting the most vulnerable, they did not provide a comprehensive and integrated approach to tackling these challenges. Health was a dominant theme in the first set of MDGs, composing 3 of 8 goals but as 2015 approaches it is apparent that these goals do not comprehensively address the major health challenges of the 21st century for both developed and developing countries alike. While barriers to overcoming communicable diseases, maternal and child health still exist, issues such as tropical diseases (NTDs) and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are posing challenges to existing approaches to health. A horizontal integrative approach is crucial to overcoming these new health challenges. For instance, good water and sanitation could prevent the infection from the majority of  NTDs while changes in daily routines, such as the substitution of motor transport for public or active transport, could reduce the incidence of NCDs.While recent literature has called for the inclusion of health in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, there has not been a substantial discussion on how it could fit into this agenda and what exactly this health goal would look like as well as its feasibility at all levels of government from global to national to local.

Carlos Dora_squareDr. Carlos Dora

Carlos Dora, is a coordinator at the WHO HQ Public Health and Environment Department, leading work on health impacts of sector policies (energy, transport, housing and extractive industry), health impact assessment and co-benefits from green economy/climate change policies. He previously worked at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), at the WHO Regional Office for Europe, at the World Bank, and with primary care systems in Brazil after practicing medicine. He serves in many science and policy committees, has an MSc and PhD from the LSHTM.  His publications cover health impact of sector and sustainable development policies, HIA and health risk communication.

Ilona KickbushProf. Ilona Kickbush

Ilona Kickbusch is the Director of the Global Health Programme at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. She advises organisations, government agencies and the private sector on policies and strategies to promote health at the national, European and international level. She has published widely and is a member of a number of advisory boards in both the academic and the health policy arena. She has received many awards and served as the Adelaide Thinker in Residence at the invitation of the Premier of South Australia. She has recently launched a think-tank initiative “Global Health Europe: A Platform for European Engagement in Global Health” and the “Consortium for Global Health Diplomacy”.

Her key areas of interest are global health governance, global health diplomacy, health in all policies, the health society and health literacy. She has had a distinguished career with the World Health Organization, at both the regional and global level, where she initiated the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion and a range of “settings projects” including Healthy Cities. From 1998 – 2003 she joined Yale University as the head of the global health division, where she contributed to shaping the field of global health and headed a major Fulbright programme. She is a political scientist with a PhD from the University of Konstanz, Germany.

PS27_Natalie_MrakMs. Natalie Mrak

Natalie   Mrak is a Global  Health  Project Coordinator with the Access to Health (A2H) team. In  parallel, she is also pursuing a Master´s in Development Studies, with a concentration on Human, Financial and Economic Development, at the Graduate Institute for International and  Development Studies (IHEID).  At  the  Institute,  she  is  focusing  on  global health issues. including  health  and  sustainable  development  as  well  as  the role of emerging  economies  in  global  health  governance and diplomacy. While in Geneva,   Natalie   has   interned  for  Otsuka  Pharmaceuticals  in  their communications  division  and in the community mobilization unit at UNAIDS. Prior  to  her  arrival in Geneva, Natalie worked at UNICEF headquarters in New York for 4 years as the Executive Assistant to the Chief of the HIV and AIDS  programme. In addition, she has a Master´s in International Relations from  the  City College of the City University of New York (CCNY) where she focused  on  gender  and  development  issues  in  Eastern  Europe. Natalie received  her  Bachelor´s  degree  from Kenyon College where she received a dual degree in History, with honors distinction, and Spanish Studies as well as Magna Cum Laude and Phi Beta Kappa honors.

PS27_Callum_BrindleyMr. Callum Brindley

Callum Brindley is studying a Masters of Development Studies at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies in Geneva. He is also a part-time researcher with the Global Health Programme and has co-authored two WHO publications on Health in All Policies and health in the post-2015 development agenda. Prior to his post-graduate studies, Callum worked for three years with the Australian Agency for International Development.

Ralph Chapman (aug06) VUW photoDr. Ralph Chapman

Ralph directs the Graduate Programme in Environmental Studies at Victoria University. An environmental economist, he’s worked on energy, transport, urban design and climate change. He’s also worked with the New Zealand Ministry for the Environment, the NZ Treasury; the British Treasury in Whitehall; the OECD, in the Beehive, and as a negotiator for New Zealand of the Kyoto Protocol. Ralph has a first in engineering, a Masters in public policy, and a PhD in economics.

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