Archive | Infectious Diseases

Towards  The Elimination Of  New Paediatric  HIV  Infections

Towards The Elimination Of New Pediatric HIV Infections.

In 2009,UNAIDS called for the virtual elimination of Mother to Child Transmission and in 2011,the Global Plan started and it covers all low and middle-income countries, but focuses on the 22 countries with the highest estimated numbers of pregnant women living with HIV.The data used were obtainedfrom 2012 progress reports submitted by countries to UNAIDS […]

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HIV Risk Perception among Injecting Drug Users in Egypt.

Egypt has low HIV prevalence (below 0∙02 %) among the general population mostly attributed to conservative culture. In 2010, transmission through injecting drug use represented around 5∙1% of reported cases and the 2010 second round biological/behavioral surveillance survey (Bio-BSS) conducted in some governorates revealed concentrated epidemic among male injecting drug users.The aim of the current […]

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Clinical features to diagnose pneumonia in children under 5: A systematic review

Pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality. In low income countries only clinical diagnosis is available. We undertook a systematic literature review to assess the diagnostic accuracy of WHO non-severe pneumonia case definition for children less than 5 years of age and identify which clinical features best predict pneumonia. We present in here our […]

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Institutional Complexity as a Challenge for a Coherent HIV Control Policy: Brussels.

The Brussels Region is an example for the challenges to implement global principles in the fight against HIV/AIDS locally. This is due to divided legal competencies between the Federal and the Federate (Communities, Regions) level resulting a complex legal and administrative structure and multiple coordination processes between governments. Growing Federal government commitment led to the […]

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Irregular migration routes from Sri Lanka to Canada via West Africa. Blue indicates air routes and red markers represent the nine countries to which migrants entered before travelling via land routes to converge on a single port (Sierra Leone) to board a cargo vessel. Red dotted line represents the planned sea route. (Image developed by corresponding author. Map derived by Google maps).

Irregular migration: malaria re-introduction in elimination settings.

Irregular migration in the form of human smuggling and human trafficking is recognized as a global public health issue. Beyond the criminality and human rights abuse, irregular migration plays an important, but often forgotten, pathway for malaria re-introduction. We describe 32 cases of Plasmodium falciparum that were detected in 534 irregular migrants returning to Sri […]

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Abused and Resistant: Antibiotics in Rural and Urban Nigeria.

The development of effective and safe drugs to deal with bacterial infections has reduced morbidity and mortality from microbial disease. The study aimed at identifies specifics cultural factors, demographic factors and institutional factors in rural and urban setting in Ibadan, Nigeria. The research showed that rise in drug-resistant bacteria “superbugs” mainly is a consequence of […]

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Economic Benefits of Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV/AIDS Patients in Nigeria.

Little is known about the economic benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS-patients and their households. We conducted a descriptive study among 1176 HIV/AIDS patients on ART to assess their present status of employment, household poverty and its determinants. About 88% of the patients had stable jobs. Rate of employment increased with duration on ART […]

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