The study presents findings from a research conducted in a refugee population in South African city known to be non-endemic to malaria transmission.
In 2009,UNAIDS called for the virtual elimination of Mother to Child Transmission and in 2011,the Global Plan started and it covers all low and middle-income countries, but focuses on the 22 countries with the highest estimated numbers of pregnant women living with HIV.The data used were obtainedfrom 2012 progress reports submitted by countries to UNAIDS […]
Egypt has low HIV prevalence (below 0∙02 %) among the general population mostly attributed to conservative culture. In 2010, transmission through injecting drug use represented around 5∙1% of reported cases and the 2010 second round biological/behavioral surveillance survey (Bio-BSS) conducted in some governorates revealed concentrated epidemic among male injecting drug users.The aim of the current […]
Pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality. In low income countries only clinical diagnosis is available. We undertook a systematic literature review to assess the diagnostic accuracy of WHO non-severe pneumonia case definition for children less than 5 years of age and identify which clinical features best predict pneumonia. We present in here our […]
The Brussels Region is an example for the challenges to implement global principles in the fight against HIV/AIDS locally. This is due to divided legal competencies between the Federal and the Federate (Communities, Regions) level resulting a complex legal and administrative structure and multiple coordination processes between governments. Growing Federal government commitment led to the […]
Use of Role Model Caregivers for Community Case Management of Malaria achieved the 80% treatment target of malaria within 24 hours of onset of symptoms. Continuing training and supervision are necessary for correct dosage to be given.
To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to assess both epidemiological risk factors and microbiology with a case-control design. From a practical perspective, our data confirm the importance of pre-existing malnutrition and the role of poverty in children with noma. Our results showed no involvement of specific bacteria in the cause […]
Irregular migration in the form of human smuggling and human trafficking is recognized as a global public health issue. Beyond the criminality and human rights abuse, irregular migration plays an important, but often forgotten, pathway for malaria re-introduction. We describe 32 cases of Plasmodium falciparum that were detected in 534 irregular migrants returning to Sri […]
The development of effective and safe drugs to deal with bacterial infections has reduced morbidity and mortality from microbial disease. The study aimed at identifies specifics cultural factors, demographic factors and institutional factors in rural and urban setting in Ibadan, Nigeria. The research showed that rise in drug-resistant bacteria “superbugs” mainly is a consequence of […]
Little is known about the economic benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS-patients and their households. We conducted a descriptive study among 1176 HIV/AIDS patients on ART to assess their present status of employment, household poverty and its determinants. About 88% of the patients had stable jobs. Rate of employment increased with duration on ART […]