TB is has been declared a health emergency by WHO. Over 9 million people are newly infected with TB and 1.4 million die annually. Incomplete TB treatment has led to an alarming rise in DR-TB (Drug Resistant TB), a man-made epidemic. MDR-TB (Multi Drug-Resistant TB), if not fully treated, leads to the dreaded XDR-TB (Extremely […]
Estimation of population attributable risks indicates the potential for prevention of hepatitis if the exposure to certain modifiable factors could be eliminated. We estimated the population attributable risks and performed systemetic review of various risk factors for transmission of HBV and HCV ( in 2012)using data from a large nationally representative survey conducted in 2007 […]
A fatal imbalance exists in the investment in new drugs for neglected diseases, such as sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis, versus diseases prevalent in wealthy countries. From 1975 to 2004, of the 1,556 new drugs marketed only 21 just over one percent were for infectious tropical diseases and tuberculosis, in spite of the huge need.
The objectives of the Integrated Child Survival campaign in Mali were to reach more than 95% of children with measles vaccination and more than 80% of children with all other interventions.
Malaria is the largest cause of health service attendance, hospital admissions and child deaths in Nigeria. Resistances of plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine and sulphadoxine plus pyrimetamine have led to adoption of policy to use Coartem as the first-line drug of treatment.
The major success of the antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on maintaining high adherence levels among patients on ART. Lighthouse operates the largest ART clinic in Lilongwe District in Malawi and provides care to more than 4,000 patients on ART.
In Ghana malaria is noted to be hyper endemic and is estimated to be a major killer disease in the country, even though it is preventable and curable. Those children who escape death are not untouched by the killer disease.
In Malawi, HIV prevalence among adults (15-49 years) is estimated at 14 percent. Though the number of people accessing ART is rapidly expanding, the goal of ART provision is to reach only 50% of the population becoming eligible every year.
More than two decades after its identification, AIDS has become far more widespread, affecting all members of society. Women continues to bear the brunt of the epidemic as they are faced with many other health, social and economic issues and has to struggle with the challenges poised by the epidemic.